If you use a computer, you may know about file compression and the formats for compressed files. We can use any form for a compressed file, but we don't always know how they work or what makes them different. We always use them even though we don't know them.
Most of the time, it's hard to figure out which compressed and archive file format is best for the job. In general, compressed and archive file formats do many of the same things. So, you need to know about file formats to do the job right the first time.
File compression is a process that reduces the size of all the selected files. It is easy and safe to compress a large file. You probably already know that compressed files take up less space on the storage drive than other files and can be shared quickly and easily over the network. It also protects files by encrypting them, and a password is always needed to decrypt or uncompress them.
An archive file is a group of one or more files containing information. It combines several data files into a single file that is easy to move and store. It is also used to make more room for storage. Most of the time, this process is used for packaging software to send to different places.
Archive files can store directory structures, find mistakes and fix them, add comments, and sometimes even use built-in encryption. Now, we'll talk about five popular compressed and archive file formats that you can freely use on macOS, Linux, and Windows.
ZIP, "Zip Archive Inline Pin," is a popular way to store compressed files. It is often used to make data smaller. It has a file extension of.zip, one or more files, and a directory. A file can be created with WinZip, WinRAR, or 7-Zip, but it can only be opened with one of these programs. It uses the DEFLATE method of compression. It is used in many Windows, macOS, and Linux programs.
Another file format is RAR, or Roshal Archive, which is more popular than the ZIP format. This file format is used to compress data, fix errors, and move files from one place to another. It can store more than one file and its file extension is.rar. This file format can be made with the WinRAR program and can be opened with the WinRAR or WinZip programs. All operating systems can read and write files in the RAR format.
TAR, which stands for "Tape Archive," is used to combine several files into one big archive file. Most of the time, this file format is used to store and share software packages. It also keeps all the information about the file system, such as the permissions of users and groups, dates, and directory structures. It works with.tar files. The TAR application can make this format, and UNIX and Linux systems use it most of the time.
TAR and GZIP are used to make the TAR.GZ file format (GUNZIP). This is a format for archiving files, while GZIP is the most common and well-known program for compressing files. It is also called a TAR file that has been compressed. File-based compression schema is used to put together a group of files that make up the file. It has a file extension of.tar.gz. The TAR and 7-Zip applications can be used to make and extract this file. It works well with Windows, Mac OS X, UNIX, and Linux.
7Z is popular among people who use computers and is often used to compress and encrypt data. It compresses data better than the other archive format. It is the best format for a file archive. It employs. 7z file extension. To open, make, or extract a 7Z file, you need the 7-ZIP program. This file format works well with most of the major systems out there.
Differences between the file mentioned above formats
The ZIP file format is mainly used to group files so that they can be downloaded all at once from the Internet. But tar.gz can compress files better than zipping, though it takes longer where RAR is the only format that can both make RAR files and split compressed archives into multiple parts, which other firms can't do.
TAR can compress more than one file into a single tar file, while ZIP can group more than one file but can only compress a single file. But tar.gz is also better than tar because applications like TAR and 7-Zip can be used to make and extract tar.gz files.
So, you must combine the two if you get a compressed archive. First, you can use tar to put all of your files into a single "archive.tar" file, and then you can use gzip to make an "archive.tar.gz" file. Regarding compression, 7z is much better than zipping, saving you space.
In the end, you can choose any of the above methods, but you should pick the one that gives you the most value. This article should help you understand all of the popular compression and archive formats. Please let us know in the comments section if you find a better way to compress a file than the ones on this list. Thank you!